HALL OF THE POTTERY
Pottery is made of clay. It is baked to become solid and durable. As pottery has pores, it can only serve for preserving water. The same material can be used for making bricks, tiles, water pipes and drains..,.
The ancient man of the new stone age discovered the manufacture of pottery by accident. While he was engaged in making a vessel with fine branches of trees and covering it with clay so that it may become durable, it so happened that the vessel was subjected accidentally to a high degree of heat; the clay dried; became solid and as such pottery was discovered.
The ancient man was admirably skilled in the manufacture of pottery. He began to decorate it with paint after the polish. Pottery continued to develop in all nations until the advent of the Arab Muslims who , in turn ,began to us new techniques decoration of pottery by incision ,cutting ,coloring and application of protuberances or with figures in relief. They also created the casting of pottery in a mould to obtain on its surface floral, animal, epigraphic and geometrical motifs of a high degree of beauty and perfection.
With the pottery, they made jars, amphorae , craters, tumblers, pitchers, flasks, lamps and grenades...
bearing the emblem (an spreading out its wings
over a tumbler) of Mamluk Prince Tukuz Tamar
al-Hamwi who died in Egypt in 746 A.H. = 1345