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SYRIAN ANTIQUITIES OF THE GREEK, ROMAN
AND BYZANTINE PERIODS

Section Three

Second Gallery: comprises terracotta statues and vessels as well as a collection of glassware.

The showcases of this gallery are designed for pottery and glassware .   they also show the development of these two industries. Some basalt sculptures are also displayed .

Terracotta figurine depiction Nemesis, the goddess of justice and vengeance. She wears a long robe and a head-dress. She carries scales, symbol of justice , in her right hand and a wheel, symbol of her changing nature , in her left hand .
H. 28 cm.

The Phoenician Glassware:
Some scholars hold that the origin of glass was in Syria. There is the often quoted story of the Phoenician Sailors and their chance discovery of glass through the combination of fire, sand from the sea-shore and snatronoda from their cargo of natron which let the appearance of a transparent liquid, known later as "glass".
The term "Phoenician glass" has been given to flasks of opaque glass resembling the Greek marble blasamariurn. The method of manufacturing these flasks is as follows:
They bring a metal rod and fix clay and sand round it. Then they plunge it in an adhesive glass paste. After the rod is drawn out of the paste, a thread of soft glass is wound round it until sufficient glass has been gathered to form the required shape of the vessel. The glass is then retreated and rolled on a marble slab to smooth and polish it. Forms of decoration such as the trailing of colored lines of glass, are applied, and further marveling and light raking with a comb treat the typical feathered decoration. Handles and foot-stands are added later with tongs. Finally, the rod is removed and the vessel is left to dry. It is interesting to note that they continued to use this method from the 14th century down to the first century B.C. When the Greek marble basamariums appeared, the glass-workers were struck by their beauty and began to imitate the style of their decoration. i.e. coloured branches and garlands.
The national Museum of Damascus is considered one of the riches Museums of the world in its collection of glassware. Most of the Museums of the world, however, do have important collections of the Syrian glassware. History has also preserved to us the names of a number of glass-makers such as Ennion or Artas etc. and this suggests the extent to which the glass industry in Syria flourished.

 
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