Religion is an important part of any Syrian, whether
Muslim or Christian.
Muslims in Syria are over 80%, and most Syrian
Muslims follow the teachings of their religion quite whole
Islam, the third Monotheistic religion, was started
by the Prophet Muhammad, a descendant of a long line of prophets,
including Jesus, Moses, Abraham, and David (Peace be upon them).
Muhammad (P), had through the Angel Gabriel the revelation of the
Koran, the word of Allah (The word 'Allah' translates into 'The
GOD'). Islam spread like a field on fire, and was soon taken as the
main religion of Syria.
The five most important rites of Islam come under
the name the 'Five Pillars of Faith'. These constitute the Prayer (Salat)
which is five time a day, Fasting (Siyam) throughout the month of
Ramadan (abstaining from food or drink from dawn till dusk), and
Charity (Zakat) must be given at a certain percentage of annual
revenue. The fourth is the Proclamation of faith (Al Shahadeh) which
is 'I believe that there is no God but Allah (The GOD), and that
Muhammad is God's messenger'. The final one, is the Pilgrimage to
Mecca (Al Hajj) at least once in your life (if you are healthily and
financially able to).
There is an ablution ritual that Muslims must
perform before prayer. This (Al Wudu') is the cleaning of the hands,
mouth, nose, and face three times with running water, then the
washing of both arms to the elbows (starting with the right), also
three times. This is followed by cleaning the ears and behind the
ears, followed by the top of the head, and then both feet (also 3
times starting with the right).
The Muezzin's 'call to prayer' from Syria's many
mosques will be heard five times a day. At dawn, noon, early
afternoon, dusk, and at night (which is accomplished between dusk
and the dawn of the new day). Many Muslim's leave in the middle of
their work to go and pray in the mosque with fellow Muslims. While
others tend to pray at home or at work, on a prayer mat (carpet).