General Information: Information about Syria :
location , area , weather
Information about Syria : location , area ,
OFFICIAL NAME: Syrian Arab Republic.
AREA: 185.180 km2 (71.500sq. miles)
POPULATION: 18.866 millions ( 2002 census )
CLIMATE: A pleasant and varied Mediterranean climate
with four distinct seasons.
32° C. (90° F) in Summer,
10° C. (50° F) in Winter and
22° C. (72° F) in Spring and Autumn.
TIME ZONE: November through February: GMT +
2 Hours (Winter).
March through October: GMT + 3 hours.
Currency : main : syrian pound = 100 pennies
Paper : 5 sp , 10 sp , 25 sp , 50 sp , 100 sp , 200sp ,
500 sp , 1000 sp .
Coin : 5sp , 10sp , 25sp ,
ELECTRICAL CURRENT: 220 Volts, 50 A.C.
WEEKEND: Friday & Saturday are official weekend.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES: Metric system.
TRAVEL INFORMATION ENTRY
A valid passport with entry visa. Any amount of foreign
currency could be brought into Syria. However, the sum
of foreign currency allowed out should not exceed the
amount brought in.
HOW TO GET THERE:
Damascus, the main gateway to Syria, Aleppo &
Latakia are connected with all continents by the
national carrier (Syrian air) and major international
By land, Syria is connected by highways with Lebanon,
Jordan, Iraq and Turkey.
There are seaport facilities at Latakia and Tartous.
The official language is Arabic. Most Syrians also speak
another language, which most often, is French or
Regular Work Hours : Government : 08 am-15.30 pm
Stores: 9.00 to 13.30 and 16.00 to 20.00 (Winter) 17.00
to 21.00 (Summer)
Business : Summer 10 A.M- 2 P.M And 4-9 P.M
Country Code : + 963
The population of the Syrian Arab
Republic is about 17.5 million inhabitants, 4
million of which live in Damascus, the capital.
The country is divided into 14 provinces known as
governorates (muhafazat pl), each of which is
divided generally into many districts and so on
into towns and villages. The village is the
smallest administrative unit. There are two main
ports on the Mediterranean coast which are Tartoos
and Lattakia. There is also Banias port which is a
special port for oil exports.
The Syrian Arab Republic
is located on the east coast of the Mediterranean
Sea. The borders are Turkey on the north, Iraq on
the east, Palestine and Jordan on the south and
the Mediterranean Sea on the west.
The general area of the Syrian Arab Republic is
18517971 hectares, 6 millions agricultural lands
and the rest are mountains and semi-deserts. The
Syrian semi-desert is good for plants and is used
as grass lands in case of enough rain.
Geographically, Syria can be divided into 4
1- Coast region enclosed between mountains and
2- Mountain region including mountains and heights
stretching from north to south parallel to
3- Internal region or plain’s region including
plains of Damascus, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Hasaka,
and Derra’a. It is located at the east of
4- Semi-desert region, it contains desert plains
at the east south dimension of the country near
Jordan and Iraq.
Area : 185180 Km2.
Population: 17 millions
inhabitants according to 1999 statistics.
Language : Arabic, French,
Electric power: 220 Volt/ 60
Weight and measures: M and Kg.
Currency : Syrian Pound equating
Bank notes in circulation in Syria:
5, 20, 25, 200, 200, 500, and 1000 pounds.
Coins in circulation: 5, 10, 25
Working hours: Ministries and
official organizations from 8 to 14 (recently to
Commercial stores: Winter
from 10 to 14
from 16 to 20
Summe from 10 to 14
from 16 to 21
Official days off: Friday (recently Saturday also)
and official days.
Daylight saving time : starts on
October and lasts until March + 2 H GMT
is a multi-resource economy. It depends on
agriculture, industry, trade, tourism and
services. In addition to the oil sector which has
drastically developed in terms of oil and gas
As a system, Syrian economy has economic
multiplicity as its backbone. The public sector in
Syria supervises the main strategic sectors.
Moreover, there are the private and joined sectors
that contribute to most economic fields.
There is a tendency towards allowing the private
sector to access industrial fields that had been
exclusive for the public sector. Some measures
have been taken in the process of transition to
market oriented economy in most economic fields,
Syria’s moderate atmosphere is convenient for
establishing big industrial projects knowing that
the total area of Syria amounts up to 18518
hectares. In addition, Syria’s geographical
position in West Asia on the east coast of the
Mediterranean Sea is justly described as extremely
strategic for commercial exchange at the meeting
point of the three continents (Asia, Europe,
As a country Syria enjoys a well-established
feeling of security and social domestic life. An
abundance of qualified educated work force is
available, all encouraging foreign investors to
come and attracting further bigger
successful investments with low risk factors and