Christianity in Syria
quite a strong presence in Syria. Ever since its early years,
Christianity has had its roots in Syria.
is where St. Paul escaped from the Jews by being dropped through a
window in a basket in the Via
Recta. St. John the Baptist's head is said to be located in the Umayyad
Mosque, which used to be a church. St.
Simeon the Stylite lived on a pillar for about 40 years to get
closer to God. Last but not least the villagers in Maaloula
still speak Aramean, the language of Jesus (P).
There are several Christian communities, who on a
whole constitute approx. 8% of the Syrian population. Christianity
in Syria is divided into three parts. Catholic Churches, Orthodox
Churches, and the Protestants. The Catholic Churches are divided
into the following: Greek Catholics, Syrian Catholics, Armenian
Catholics, Chaldean Catholics, Maronite Catholics, and Latin
Catholics. All have their own Patriarch, although the highest
position is the Pope in the Vatican. The Orthodox Churches are
divided into Greek Orthodox, Syrian Orthodox, and Armenian Orthodox.
These Churches also have their own patriarchs although the Armenians
are under the guidance of a Patriarch in Armenia. Protestants are
few and are under the guidance of a Thinodus (A level of
Many Christians live in the villages of Maaloula,
Seidnaya, Safita, and Marmarita. Aleppo, where approximately 10% of
the population is Christian, has a large number of Armenians, who
fled from Armenia in the days of the Ottoman Empire when they were
persecuted and massacred. Between 1 and 2 million died.
Christianity in Syria is strongly recognized and
National holidays include Christmas, New Years day, and Easter. The
Armenian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas on the 6th of January.
As for Easter it is celebrated on two different dates, the customary
Western date (celebrated by the Catholic Churches, Protestants and
Armenian Orthodox), the other date is celebrated by the Syrian and