The Syria of today offers tourists as much a cultural experience as a sightseeing one, where ancient history provides a fascinating backdrop to everyday life on the streets                          


Canadian Citizenship Answers  

1- Who are the Aboriginal peoples in Canada?
a.  Early Australian immigrants.
B. The first inhabitants of Canada.
c.  Refugees from the American Revolution.
d.  United Empire Loyalists and Métis.

2- What are the three main groups of Aboriginal peoples?
a. First Nations, Métis and Inuit.
b.  Acadians, Métis and Inuit.
c.  United Empire Loyalists, Métis and Inuit.
d.  Inuit, Métis and Acadians.

3- In which parts of Canada did the Aboriginal peoples first live?
a.  The Prairies and West coast.
b.  The North and Great Lakes regions.
c. All regions.
d.  The Great Lakes and Prairies.

4- What did the Aboriginal peoples living in your region depend on for survival?
a. Buffalo herding.
b. Fishing and hunting.
c. Agriculture and fishing.
d. Hunting and agriculture.

5- From whom are the Métis descended?
a. English traders and First Nations women.
b.  American traders and First Nations men.
c. French or English traders and First Nations women.
d.  French traders and American women.

6- In what industry did the Métis first work with European settlers? 
Fur trading.
b.  Fishing.
c.  Forestry.
d.  Mining.

7- Which group of Aboriginal peoples make up more than half of the population in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut?
a.  Acadians.
b.  Métis.
c.  First Nations.
d. Inuit.

8- Why are the Aboriginal peoples of Canada working towards self-government?
a.  In order to secede from Canada.
b. They are trying to regain control over decisions that affect their lives.
c.  So they can form more provinces.
d.  To obtain better representation in parliament.

9- From where did the first European settlers in Canada come?
a. France.
b.  Germany.
c.  England.
d.  Italy.

10- Why did early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?
 To establish agricultural communities.
b.  To escape religious persecution.
c.  To mine coal.
d. To fish and trade with First Nations people.

11- Who are the Acadian people?
a.  Refugees from the American Revolution.
b. Descendents of the first French settlers.
c.  An aboriginal people.
d.  German immigrants.

12- What three industries helped early settlers build communities in the Atlantic region?
a.  Fishing, forestry and mining.
b.  Mining, farming and forestry.
c. Farming, fishing and shipbuilding.
d.  Shipbuilding, mining and forestry.

13- Who were the United Empire Loyalists?
a. British settlers from the United States.
b.  Aboriginal peoples.
c.  Métis.
d.  Inuit.

14- When did the United Empire Loyalists come to Canada?
a.  1500s.
b.  Early 1900s.
c. Late 1700s.
d.  1000.

15- When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River?
a.  1200s.
b.  1700s.
c.  1900s.
d. early 1600s.

16- In which type of industry did most early European settlers work?
a. Mining.
b. Fur trade.
c.  Forestry.
d.  Shipping.

17- Which trade spread across Canada making it important to the economy for over 300 years?
a.  Hudson's Bay trade.
b.  Mining trade.
c. Fur trade.
d.  Ice trade.

18- What form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create trading networks in North America?
a.  Roads.
b. Waterways.
c.  Railway.
d.  Air.

19- For how long did the Hudson Bay Company control the northern lands?
a.  200 years.
b.  50 years.
c. 300 years.
d.  90 years.

20- What important trade did the Hudson Bay Company control?
a.  Fishing.
b.  Agriculture.
c. Fur.
d.  Oil.

21- When did thousands of miners first come to the Yukon?
a. End of the 1800s.
b.  Beginning of the 1800s.
c.  Early 1700s.
d.  Early 1900s.

22- What did the government do to make immigration to western Canada much easier?
a.  Built the Trans Canada Highway.
b.  Built the St. Lawrence Seaway.
c.  Offered cheap land.
d. Completed the railway.

23- Which group of people were important in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway?
a.  French.
b.  English.
c. Chinese.
d.  Métis.

24- When was the Canadian Pacific Railway finished?
a. Late 1800s.
b.  1600s.
c.  1700s.
d.  Late 1700s.

25- What did the federal government do to encourage people to settle in the Prairie provinces during the early 1900s? provinces during the early 1900s?
a.  Offered to pay travel expenses.
b. Offered land at cheap prices.
c.  Promised gold mines.
d.  Paid settlers to move out west.

26- What does Confederation mean?
a.  The United States Confederate soldiers came to Canada.
b.  Joining of communities to become a province.
c.  Joining of suburbs to form a large city.
d. Joining of provinces to make a new country.

27- What is the Canadian Constitution?
a. A system of laws and conventions by which our country governs itself.
b.  The laws that govern the provinces.
c.  The laws that formed the Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories.
d.  Municipal or local laws.

28- In what year did Canada become a country?
a. 1867.
b.  1871.
c.  1898.
d.  1870.

29- What document made Confederation legal?
a.  The Peace Act.
b.  The Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
c. The British North America Act.
d.  The Equality Act.

30- Which document first defined the responsibilities of federal and provincial governments?
a. The British North America Act.
b.  The Charter of Responsibilities.
c.  The Confederation Act.
d.  The Succession Act.

31- When did the British North America Act come into effect?
a.  1871.
b.  1898.
c. 1867.
d.  1905.

32- Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian history?
a.  It was drafted by the British.
b. It made confederation legal.
c.  The Métis signed the act.
d.  It was agreed to by the Inuit.

33- Which four provinces first formed the Confederation?
a.  Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
b.  Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Alberta.
c.  Ontario, Quebec, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia
d. Ontario, Quebec. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

34- Which was the last province to join Canada?
a. Newfoundland.
b.  Alberta.
c.  Saskatchewan.
d.  British Columbia.

35- When is Canada Day and what does it celebrate?
a.  June 15 of each year to celebrate the anniversary of Confederation.
b.  August 8th of each year to celebrate the joining of British Columbia to Confederation.
c. We celebrate the anniversary of Confederation July 1st of each year.
d.  May 21st of each year to remember Queen Victoria.

36- Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada?
a.  Louis Riel.
b. Sir John A. Macdonald.
c.  Lester B. Pearson.
d.  Abraham Lincoln.

37- Why is the Constitution Act of 1982 important in Canadian history?
a. It allows Canada to change the Constitution without asking approval of the British Government.
b.  It allows Canadians more freedoms.
c.  It changed the immigration laws.
d.  The Queen became more involved in Canadian Government.

38- What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?
a.  The British Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
b.  The Canadian Charter of Rights.
c.  The Canadian Charter of Freedoms.
d. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

39- When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution?
a.  1867.
b.  1905.
c. 1982.
d.  1878.

40- Which two fundamental freedoms are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
a. Freedom of religion and freedom of expression.
b.  Equality rights and to care for Canada's heritage.
c.  Basic freedoms and obey laws.
d.  Aboriginal peoples' rights and to volunteer.

41- Which three legal rights are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms?
a.  Freedom of speech, right to life and right to a fair trial.
b. Right to life, not to be subjected to cruel or unusual treatment, fair trial.
c.  Right to life, to live and move anywhere in Canada and peaceful assembly.
d.  Right to vote, right to life and freedom of thought.

42- Who has the right to apply for a Canadian passport?
a. Canadian citizens.
b.  Landed immigrants.
c.  Visitors.
d.  British subjects.

43- Who has the right to enter and leave Canada at will?
a.  Visitors.
b.  British subjects.
c.  Landed immigrants.
d. Canadian citizens.

44- Who has the right to be considered first for a job in the Federal government?
a.  British subjects.
b.  Landed immigrants.
c. Canadian citizens.
d.  Visitors.

45- What does equality under the law mean?
a.  Being the same.
b.  Being like everyone else.
c.  Being discriminated against.
d. Protection against discrimination.

46- What does "mobility rights" mean?
a.  Being able to move.
b. Being able to live and work anywhere in Canada.
c.  Being able to work.
d.  Being able to speak freely.

47- What will you promise when you take the Oath of Citizenship?
a. Pledge allegiance to the Queen, observe the laws of Canada and fulfill the duties of a Canadian.
b. Pledge to be faithful to the Queen.
c.  Promise to observe the laws of Canada.
d.  Fulfill duties as a Canadian citizen.

48- Which legal document recognizes the cultural diversity of Canadians?
a.  Official Languages Act.
b.  British Charter of Rights.
c.  Canadian Charter of Freedoms.
d. Canadian Multiculturalism Act.

49- What are the two official languages of Canada?
a.  English and Métis.
b.  Inuit and French.
c. English and French.
d.  English and Inuit.

50- Which legal documents protect the the rights of Canadians with regard to official languages?
a.  Canadian Constitution.
b. Canadian Constitution and Official Languages Act.
c.  Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
d.  Official French Act.

51- Where do most French speaking Canadians live?
a.  Ontario.
b.  Nova Scotia.
c. Quebec.
d.  Prince Edward Island.

52- Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?
a.  British Columbia.
b.  Prince Edward Island.
c.  Nova Scotia.
d. Quebec.

53- Which province is the only officially bilingual province?
a. New Brunswick.
b.  Quebec.
c.  Ontario.
d.  Prince Edward Island.

54- What does the Canadian flag look like?
a.  Red and white with provincial emblems.
b.  Red and white with a beaver.
c. White with a red border on each end and a red maple leaf in the center.
d.  Red with a white maple leaf.

55- What song is Canada’s national anthem?
a.  God Save the Queen.
b. O Canada.
c.  Star Spangled Banner.
d.  Amazing Grace.

56- What are the first two lines of Canada’s national anthem?
a. O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command.
b.  O Canada! Our province and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command.
c.  O Canada! From far and wide, O Canada, We stand on guard for thee.
d.  O Canada! We stand on guard for thee.

57- From where does the name "Canada" come?
a.  From the Inuit word meaning country.
b.  From the French word meaning joining.
c.  From the Métis word meaning rivers.
d. From "kanata", the First Nations word for village.

58- Which animal is an official symbol of Canada?
a.  The moose.
b.  The hawk.
c. The beaver.
d.  The deer.

59- What is the tower in the center of the Parliament buildings called?
a. The Tower.
b. Peace Tower.
c.  Peace Centre.
d.  Flag Tower.

60- What unique art form was developed by First Nations people on the West Coast?
a.  Masks.
b.  Kayaks.
c.  Canoes.
d. Totem poles.

61- Why is the North sometimes called the "Land of the Midnight Sun"?
a. Summer daylight can last up to 24 hours.
b.  Nights become days in the winter.
c.  Winter daylight can last up to 24 hours.
d.  Nights become days in the summer.

62- What is the name of the new territory in Canada's north?
a.  Inuvik.
b.  Anchor.
c. Nunavut.
d.  Hayak.

63- What is the population of Canada?
a.  About 20 million.
b.  38 million.
c.  17 million.
d. About 30 million.

64- What three oceans border Canada?
a.  Atlantic, Arctic and Bering.
b. Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific.
c.  Pacific, Indian and Atlantic.
d.  Hudson, Pacific and Atlantic.

65- How many provinces and territories are there in Canada?
a.  Eight provinces and two territories.
b.  Ten provinces and one territory.
c. Ten provinces and three territories.
d.  Ten provinces and two territories.

66- What is the capital city of Canada?
a. Ottawa.
b.  Toronto.
c.  Montreal.
d.  Hull.

67- What are the provinces of Central Canada?
a.  Manitoba and Ontario.
b.  Quebec and Prince Edward Island.
c. Ontario and Quebec.
d.  Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

68- What are the provinces of the Atlantic region?
a.  Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec.
b. Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.
c.  Newfoundland,Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Quebec.
d.  Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario.

69- What are the Prairie provinces?
a.  Alberta and Saskatchewan.
b. Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
c.  Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
d.  Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario.

70- What are the territories of northern Canada?
a.  Alaska and Yukon Territory.
b.  Northwest Territories and Alaska.
c.  Northwest Territories.
d. Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

71- Which two provinces are on the Atlantic coast of Canada?
a. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
b.  Newfoundland and British Columbia.
c.  Prince Edward Island and Ontario.
d.  Nova Scotia and Northwest Territories.

72- Which province is on the Pacific coast of Canada?
a.  Alberta.
b.  Washington.
c. British Columbia.
d.  Newfoundland.

73- Which region covers more than one-third of Canada?

a.  Central Canada.
b.  Prairies.
c.  Atlantic Canada.
d. Northern Canada.

74- Where do more than half of the people in Canada live?
a. Central Canada.
b.  Prairies.
c.  Atlantic Canada.
d.  Northern Canada.

75- One third of all Canadians live in which province?
a.  Quebec.
b. Ontario.
c.  Northwest Territories.
d.  Manitoba.

76- What is the Canadian Shield?
a.  The crest of Canada.
b.  The Prime Minister's emblem.
c. A rock formation millions of years old.
d.  The crest of the Confederation.

77- Where is the Canadian Shield?
a.  Ottawa.
b.  Montreal.
c.  Northwest Territories.
d. Quebec and Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Labrador

78- Where are the Canadian Rockies?
a.  Coastal British Columbia.
b. On the border between British Columbia and Alberta.
c.  Alberta.
d.  Quebec.

79- Where are the Great Lakes?
a. Southern Ontario along the border between Canada and the United States of America.
b.  Ontario.
c.  Quebec.
d.  Atlantic Canada.

80- Which two are Great Lakes?
a.  Winnipeg and Superior.
b.  Michigan and Columbia.
c. Huron and Erie.
d.  Ontario and Burnaby.

81- Where is the St. Lawrence Seaway?
a.  Ontario.
b.  Quebec.
c. Central Canada.
d.  Montreal.

82- Which two mountain ranges are in Canada?
a.  Laurentian and Central Mountains.
b. Columbia and Rocky Mountains.
c.  Coast Range and Ontario Mountains.
d.  Rocky and Atlantic Mountains.

83- Which territory shares a border with another country?
a.  Northwest Territories.
b.  Alaska.
c.  British Columbia.
d. Yukon Territory.

84- Which province is known as the "Land of 100,000 Lakes"?
a. Manitoba.
b.  British Columbia.
c.  Ontario.
d.  Quebec.

85- Which provinces are joined to New Brunswick by land?
a.  Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
b.  Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.
c. Nova Scotia and Quebec.
d.  Ontario and Prince Edward Island.

86- To what ocean is Newfoundland closest?
a.  Arctic.
b. Atlantic.
c.  Pacific.
d.  Hudson's Bay.

87- Which mountain range forms a border between Alberta and British Columbia?
a.  Coastal Range.
b.  Columbia Mountains.
c.  Laurentian Mountains.
d. Rocky Mountains.

89- Which two provinces are closest to Prince Edward Island?
a.  Newfoundland and Nova Scotia.
b. New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
c.  Ontario and Nova Scotia.
d.  Labrador and Nova Scotia.

90- Which province in Canada is the smallest in land size?
a.  Nova Scotia.
b. Prince Edward Island.
c.  Yukon Territory.
d.  Newfoundland and Labrador.

91- Where are the Parliament Buildings located?
a. Ottawa.
b.  Quebec City.
c.  Hull.
d.  Toronto.

92- Which country lies on Canada’s southern border?
a. United States of America.
b.  Central America.
c.  Mexico.
d.  Washington.

93- What are the three main types of industry in Canada?
a.  Natural resources, tourism and service.
b.  Tourism, service and manufacturing.
c.  Natural resources, tourism and manufacturing.
d. Natural resources, manufacturing and service.

94- In what sorts of jobs do most Canadians work?
a.  Natural resources.
b.  Tourism.
c. Service.
d.  Manufacturing.

95- What country is Canada’s largest trading partner?
a.  Mexico.
b. United States of America.
c.  China.
d.  Japan.

96- Why are the Great Lakes important to Canada?
a.  Waterways.
b.  Fresh water.
c. Waterways and fresh water.
d.  Fishing.

97- Why is the St. Lawrence Seaway important to Canada?
a.  Recreational waterway.
b. Shipping route to the Great Lakes.
c.  Gill-net fishing.
d.  Tourism.

98- Why is the Canadian Shield important to Canada’s economy?
a. Mineral deposits.
b.  Hydro electric power.
c.  Fur trading.
d.  Fishing.

99- Which four important minerals are found in the Canadian Shield?
a.  Gold, aluminum, iron ore and copper.
b.  Gold, silver, tin and iron ore.
c.  Copper, zinc, nickel and tin.
d. Gold, silver, copper and nickel.

100- Which province is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world?
a.  British Columbia.
b. Saskatchewan.
c.  Alberta.
d.  Ontario.

101- Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
a.  Atlantic provinces.
b.  Prairie provinces.
c. Central Canada.
d.  West Coast.

102- Which region of Canada is known for both its fertile agricultural land and valuable energy resources?
a.  British Columbia.
b. Prairie provinces.
c.  Ontario.
d.  Manitoba.

103- Which two provinces produce more than three-quarters of Canadian manufactured goods?
a.  British Columbia and Quebec.
b.  Ontario and Manitoba.
c.  Alberta and Ontario.
d. Ontario and Quebec.

104- Which province is the biggest producer of metals in Canada?
a.  Saskatchewan.
b. Ontario.
c.  Northwest Territories.
d.  Manitoba.

105- Which province is Canada’s main producer of pulp and paper?
a.  British Columbia.
b.  Ontario.
c. Quebec.
d.  Newfoundland.

106- Which province has the largest dairy farming industry in Canada?
a. Quebec.
b.  Alberta.
c.  British Columbia.
d.  Ontario.

107- Which province has the most valuable forest industry in Canada?
a.  Quebec.
b.  Ontario.
c.  Manitoba.
d. British Columbia.

108- Which province is Canada’s major producer of oil and gas?
a.  Ontario.
b.  Quebec.
c. Alberta.
d.  British Columbia.

109- Which province is Canada’s leading wheat producer?
a. Saskatchewan.
b.  Alberta.
c.  British Columbia.
d.  New Brunswick.

110- Which province is Canada’s largest producer of hydroelectricity?
a.  Ontario.
b.  British Columbia.
c.  Manitoba.
d. Quebec.

111- Which two fuels provide about one half of all the energy used in Canada?
a.  Coal and natural gas.
b. Oil and natural gas.
c.  Coal and oil.
d.  Coal and sawdust.

112- Which products from Southern Ontario are one of Canada’s key exports?
a. Auto industry products.
b.  Hydro-electricity.
c.  Pulp and paper.
d.  Coal.

113- What are three minerals still being mined in the territories today?
a.  Gold, lead and aluminum.
b.  Silver, gold and lead.
c. Gold, lead and zinc.
d.  Silver, lead and zinc.

114- Which city provides important shipping and air links between Canada and other countries across the Pacific Ocean?
a.  Victoria.
b. Vancouver.
c.  Edmonton.
d.  Comox.

115- Which products are produced in the Niagara Peninsula?
a.  Peaches, apples and lead.
b.  Coal, hydro electricity and zinc.
c. Peaches, apples and grapes.
d.  hydro electricity and pulp and paper.

116- More than half of Canada’s aeronautics and space industry are located in which province?
a.  Nova Scotia.
b.  Saskatchewan.
c.  Ontario.
d. Quebec.

117- For what is the Okanogan Valley famous?
a. Fruit orchards.
b.  Salmon.
c.  Fruit leathers.
d.  Wine.

118- What fish is a valuable industry on the West Coast?
a.  Trout.
b.  Carp.
c. Salmon.
d.  Cod.

119- Who is Canada’s Head of State?
a.  Governor General of Canada.
b. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
c.  Prime Minister.
d.  Lieutenant Governor.

120- Who is the Queen’s representative in Canada?
a.  Prime Minister of Canada.
b.  Premier.
c.  Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
d. Governor General of Canada.

121- What is the name of the Governor General?
a. Adrienne Clarkson.
b.  Jean Chretien.
c.  Mike Harris.
d.  Lester Pearson.

122- What do you call the Queen’s representative in the provinces?
a.  Premier.
b.  Member of the Legislative Assembly.
c. Lieutenant-Governor.
d.  Senator.

123- What is Canada’s system of government called?
a.  Dictatorship.
b. Parliamentary government.
c.  Military Rule.
d.  Communism.

124- What are the three parts of Parliament?
a.  The Queen, Governor General and Prime Minister.
b.  The House of Commons, the Legislative Assembly and the Senate.
c.  The Queen, the Legislative Assembly and the Senate.
d. The Queen, the House of Commons and the Senate.

125- What are the three levels of government in Canada?
a. Federal, Provincial/Territorial, Municipal or Local.
b.  Federal, Provincial and City.
c.  Federal, Territorial and Provincial.
d.  Federal, State and Local.

126- What do you call a law before it is passed?
a.  A New law.
b.  A Proposed law.
c. A Bill.
d.  A New proposal.

127- How does a bill become a law?
a.  The Lieutenant Governor must approve the bill.
b. Approval by a majority in the House of Commons and Senate and finally the Governor General.
c.  The Queen must sign the bill.
d.  Approval by the Members of the Legislative Assembly.

128- What is the final step before a bill becomes a law?
a.  Approval by the Queen.
b.  Approval by the Lieutenant Governor.
c.  Approval by the Senate.
d. Approval by the Governor General.

129- What do the initials MP stand for in Canadian politics?
a. Member of Parliament.
b.  Member of the Provinces.
c.  Member of the Proletariat.
d.  Minister of Parliament.

130- How are Members of Parliament chosen?
a.  Appointed by the Prime Minister.
b. Elected by Canadian citizens.
c.  Appointed by the Queen.
d.  Elected by the Provincial Ministers.

131- Who do Members of Parliament represent?
a.  All of the Canadians living in the north.
b.  Only Canadians living in Central Canada.
c. Everyone who lives in his or her electoral district.
d.  Canadians living in the province in which he/she was elected.

132- What does a Member of Parliament do?
a. She/he is a Canadian's link to the federal government.
b.  She/he liases with his provincial government.
c.  She/he assists the Governor General.
d.  She/he is the Queen's representative.

133- What is an "electoral district"?
a.  The area in which elections take place.
b.  The building you vote in.
c.  Where you submit a candidate's name.
d. A geographical area represented by a member of the House of Commons.

134- How many electoral districts are there in Canada?
a.  20.
b. 301.
c.  178.
d.  59.

135- Name three requirements you must meet in order to vote in a federal election.
a. Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and on the list of electors.
b.  Canadian citizen, 21 years or older, and on the list of electors.
c.  Living outside of Canada for less than 5 years, Canadian and 21 years old.
d.  Working for the federal government, Canadian forces or other organization, 21 years, and Canadian.

136- What is a Notice of Confirmation of Registration?
a.  Tells you who the candidates are in your electoral district.
b.  Tells you what province to vote in.
c. A form that tells you when and where to vote.
d.  A form that lets you know your voting time.

137- What is a polling station?
a.  Place where the number of votes are counted.
b.  Campaign headquarters for candidates.
c.  Member if Parliament's riding office.
d. Place where you vote.

138- What is a ballot?
a.  A dance.
b. A form for voting.
c.  A form to tally the votes.
d.  A form that lets you know when and where to vote.

139- What is written on an election ballot?
a.  The list of candidates running for Prime Minister.
b. The names of the candidates in your electoral district in alphabetical order from "A" to "Z".
c.  The list of Canadians eligible to vote.
d.  The results of the election.

140- What do you mark on a federal election ballot?
a.  The candidate's name.
b.  The number for the candidate.
c. An "X"
d.  The voter's name.

141- What does voting by secret ballot mean?
a.  The voter should not tell anyone for whom he/she voted.
b.  The candidates should not ask how you are voting.
c. No one can watch you vote or look at your marked ballot.
d.  No one can watch you vote but the deputy returning officer may look at your marked ballot.

142- Who has the right to vote in federal elections?
a. A Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and be on the list of electors.
b.  A Canadian citizen, 18 years or older and must work for the federal government.
c.  A landed immigrant, 18 years old and a member of the Canadian Forces.
d.  A Canadian citizen, over 25 years and a member of the Canadian Forces.

143- Who has the right to run as a candidate in federal elections?
a.  Anyone.
b.  A Canadian citizen who is 16 years old.
c.  Any man who is at least 18 years old.
d. Any Canadian citizen who is at least 18 years old.

144- Who do Canadians vote for in a federal election?
a.  The best speaker running in the election.
b. A candidate they want to represent them in Parliament.
c.  Someone to become the Premier.
d.  All of the candidates in their electoral district.

145- How is the government formed after an election?
a. The party with the most elected representative becomes the party in power.
b.  The Queen picks a party to run the government.
c.  The Governor General proposes a law for elected officials to become the governing body.
d.  The Premiers of each province appoint one person to become the party in power.

146- How is the Prime Minister chosen?
a.  The Queen appoints the Prime Minister.
b.  The Governor General with the Senate appoint the Prime Minister
c. The leader of the party with the most elected representatives becomes the Prime Minister.
d.  The MP's vote on the Prime Minister

147- When does an election have to be held according to the Constitution?
a.  About every 4 years.
b. Within 5 years of the last election.
c.  Whenever the Prime Minister calls the election.
d.  When the MP's want a new Prime Minister.

148- What do political parties do?
a. Share ideas about how government should work.
b.  Prepare the celebration after the election.
c.  Liase with the provincial governments.
d.  Liase with the Queen.

149- What does "party platform" mean?
a.  Stage candidates use for speeches.
b.  Plans MP's make for the Prime Minister.
c.  List of rules submitted to the Governor General for approval.
d. Plans made by political parties.

150- Which federal political party is in power?
a.  Green Party.
b.  New Democratic Party.
c. Liberal Party.
d.  Conservative Party.

151- What does it mean for a political party to "be in power"?
a.  To hold the sceptre.
b. To have the most elected representatives.
c.  To have the approval of the Queen.
d.  To have the approval of the Governor General and the Lieutenant Governor.

152- What are the parties that are not in power called?
a.  Not in power.
b.  Independents.
c.  Candidates.
d. Opposition parties.

153- Which party becomes the Official Opposition?
a. The opposition party with the most MP's.
b.  The party receiving the least votes.
c.  Any independent candidate.
d.  The party the Prime Minister selects.

154- What is the role of the Opposition parties?
a.  To assist the Prime Minister.
b.  To sign bills.
c. To oppose or try to improve government proposals.
d.  To put forward bills to be passed.

155- What party is the Official Opposition at the federal level?
a.  The Conservative Party.
b.  The Liberal Party.
c.  The Independent Party.
d. The Canadian Alliance Party.

156- What is a political candidate?
a.  A person who assumes the job of Prime Minister.
b. A person who runs for office.
c.  A person who makes up the voting list.
d.  A person who calls at your door to ask your name.

157- What do you call a candidate who does not belong to a political party?
a. An Independent.
b.  An Enumerator.
c.  A Returning Officer.
d.  A Member of Parliament.

158- What is a Cabinet Minister?
a.  MP chosen by the Governor General to make laws.
b.  Enumerator chosen by the Prime Minister.
c. MP chosen by the Prime Minister and is responsible for running federal departments.
d.  MLA chosen by the Prime Minister.

159- How are Senators chosen?
a.  By the Governor General of Canada.
b.  By the Premiers of all provinces.
c.  Appointed by the Queen.
d. By the Prime Minister.

160- How can a party in power be defeated in Parliament?
a.  If Canadians do not approve of the laws being passed.
b. If a majority of the MP's vote against a major government decision.
c.  If the Premiers vote against federal government decisions.
d.  If Canadians vote against the party in power.

161- What is the name of the Prime Minister of Canada?
a. Jean Chrétien.
b.  Don Cherry
c.  Alexa McDonough.
d.  Preston Manning.

162- How can you contact your Member of Parliament?
a.  Call your provincial party office.
b.  Write to the Prime Minister.
c.  Call Elections Canada.
d. Either call the office in your electoral district or write to the House of Commons.

163- Who do provincial members of the legislative or national assemblies represent?
a.  Federal and territorial governments.
b.  Federal and provincial governments.
c. Everyone who lives in the provincial or territorial electoral district.
d.  Municipal governments.

164- What level of government passes "by-laws"?
a. Municipal (local).
b.  Territorial.
c.  Provincial.
d.  Rural.

165- When did settlers from Europe first come to your region?
a.  Early 1600s.
b.  1960.
c.  1871.
d.  During the early 1800s.

166- Who were the first settlers in the area where you live?
a.  French.
b.  First Nations and British.
c.  Japanese.
d.  Germans.

167- Why did the early Europeans come to your region in the 1600s, 1700s, 1800s or early 1900s?
a. Fur trade.
b.  Lumber.
c.  Shipping.
d.  Mining.

168- What is the capital city of Ontario?
a. Toronto.
b.  Prince George.
c.  Victoria.
d.  New Westminster.

169- What are three major industries of Ontario today?
a. Auto Manufacturing , forestry and the Services industry.
b.  Wheat, forestry and fishing.
c.  Hydro-electric power, mining and hiking.
d.  Forestry, hydro-electric power and salmon fishing.

170- What is the most valuable manufacturing industry in your region today?
a. Auto.
b.  Hydroelectric power.
c.  Salmon fishing.
d.  Okanagan fruit orchards.

171- Which three minerals are found in Ontario?
a.  Lead, aluminum and gold.
b.  Silver, gold and copper.
c.  Silver, gold and zinc.
d. Coal, copper and zinc.

172- Which three natural resources are important to your region’s economy today?
a. Forests, water and gold.
b.  Forests, fish and water.
c.  Fish, coal and water.
d.  Coal, water and fruit.

173- Which activities which are important to the tourism industry in your region?
a. Fishing, snowmobile, sailing and hunting.
b.  Ice fishing, skating, skiing and hiking.
c.  Fishing, skiing, boating and hiking.
d.  Fishing, skiing, hiking and camping.

174- What has always been important to the economy in your region?
a. Location of Ontario and Natural resources.
b.  Hydro-electric power.
c.  Okanagan fruit orchards.
d.  Salmon fishing.

174- Which three are city councillors?
a.  Malcolm Brodie, Derek Dang and Ernie Novakowski.
b.  Lyn Greenhill, Kiichi Kumagai and Lily von Hendron.
c.  Rob Howard, Evelina Halsey-Brandt and Sue Halsey-Brandt.
d. Ken Johnston, Bill McNulty and Lee Bailey.

175- What is the name of your mayor?
a.  Mayor Henry Anderson.
b.  Mayor Greg Halsey-Brandt.
c.  Mayor Gil Blair.
d. Hazel McCallion.

176- What is the name of your provincial representative (Member of Legislative Assembly, Member of Provincial Parliament, Member of National Assembly or Member of House of Assembly)?
a. Rob Sampson (Mississauga  Center)

178- What is the name of the Premier of your province?
a.  Premier Gordon Campbell.
b.  Premier David Anderson.
c.  Premier Ujjal Dosanjh.
d. Premier Ernie Eves.

179- Which political party is in power in your province or territory?
a. Progressive Conservitive.
b.  Liberal Party.
c.  Social Credit Party.
d.  Green Party.

180- What is the name of the leader of the Opposition in your province?
a. Dalton McGuinty.
b.  David Anderson.
c.  Joy MacPhail.
d.  Gordon Campbell.

181- What is the name of your Lieutenant-Governor?
a.  David Lam.
b.  Iona Campagnolo
c. James Bartleman.
d.  Gilles Duceppe.

182- How can you help to protect the environment?
a.  Drive a sport utility vehicle to and from work by yourself.
b. Walk, bike, use transit or car pool wherever possible.
c.  Complain about high fuel prices.
d.  Pour solvents and used motor oil into storm drains.

183- What do you call the Queen’s representative in the territories?
a.  Lieutenant-Governor.
b.  "Sir".
c. Commissioner.
d.  Member of the Legislative Assembly.

184- What is the name of the leader of the Official Opposition at the federal level?
a.  Stockwell Day.
b. Stephen Harper.
c.  Joe Clark.
d.  Joy MacPhail.

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