The Syria of today offers tourists as much a cultural experience as a sightseeing one, where ancient history provides a fascinating backdrop to everyday life on the streets                          

 


Byzantine Lintel

 

Piece of a Byzantine Period painted lintel found beneath the floor of the haikal. The complete lintel measures 1.55 meters in length and is decorated with the design of three crosses painted with red and black paint.

The derage (Syriac, steps), connecting the nave with the haikal (Syriac, temple room), was constructed in five phases. Fragments of an Abbasid Period molded and painted lintel were reused in the balustrade during the final rebuilding phase of the derage.

Two cisterns were constructed during the Byzantine Period to collect rainwater and snowmelt from the roof of the church. Both cisterns were filled during the 9th or 10th centuries and a number of artifacts were found intentionally discarded in both cisterns.

Blown glass chalice discovered in filled cistern outside of church entrance. Discovered during the 1994 excavation season by Robert McWhorter.

Blown glasslamp discovered in filled cistern outside of church entrance.
Discovered during the 1994 excavation season by Robert McWhorter. Lamp made with both footed base and 3 suspension handles.

Glass ampulla with two glass suspension handles found in a cache pit outside the northwest corner of the church. The glass ampulla was discovered during the1995 excavation season by Kathleen O'toole. (Scale in centimetres)

Bodysherds from two jars were decorated with crosses drawn in tar. The proportions and shape of the crosses corresponds to examples represented in the moulded stucco decorations within the church.

Two inscriptions were found with the letters W O R OO [D] which means "Rose" in Arabic and Syriac. One large jar was inscribed with the letters A B U SH L [M] which means "Father of Peace." Both names are still used in the Assuri Christian villages of Tell Tamr and Tell Nasr. inscriptions read Rose and Absalam.

An enameled glass beaker , decorated with enamel and gilt

Coins from the khan include copper and silver issues from various Abbasid and Ayyubid mints.

Numerous military artifacts including arrowpoints and pieces of short swords are mute testimony to the building's destruction by violence.

An Islamic Period bath complex including a changing room, warm room, hot room, furnace, and well. The floor of the changing room and hot room were paved with marble.

The size and dimensions (23.7 x 23.5 meters) of the north khan are almost identical to the south khan before the later structure was modified with the addition of a mosque, corral, and attached shops. The walls range in thickness from 55 to 85 cm. and were constructed with a core of mudbricks faced with stone and mortar.

 
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