Shahba (also known as
Philippopolis) is an ancient Roman city located
87 km south of Damascus. It was founded by Emperor
Philip the Arab, who built it as a symbolic capital
dedicated to his family during his reign between 244
and 249 AD. However, the building of the city stopped
abruptly after Philip's death and was never finished.
Shahba contains the ruins of a forum, a palace, a
temple, a theater, baths and a kalybe. The city today
has a museum that exhibits some beautiful examples of
Roman mosaic art.