Facts About Canada
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES - N.W.T.
-second largest of the three territories in Canada
-extends from the 60th parallel to the North Pole
-includes several large islands located in the Arctic Ocean
-the Yukon (Territory) is to the west and Arctic Ocean is north.
-Nunavut (Territory) is east, British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan are south.
-Yellowknife is the capital city. It is also known as the Diamond Capital of North America.
-flower - Mountain Avens, tree - Tamarack, bird - Gyrfalcon
-motto - Land of the Midnight Sun
-population about 42,514 (2008 estimate Statistics
-More than half of the people are aboriginal - Dene, Inuit (Inuvialuit) and Métis.
-Population of Yellowknife was 18,700 in 2006 (Statistics Canada)
-Other communities include Hay River, Fort Smith and Inuvik.
-Most people are living in the Mackenzie River Valley or around Great Slave Lake.
-The first people were the Dene and the Inuit.
-Dene lived along the Mackenzie Valley ten thousand years ago.
-The first Inuit may have crossed the Bering Strait about five thousand years ago.
-Am explorer named Martin Frobisher came in 1576.
-Alexander Mackenzie discovered the Mackenzie River in 1789.
-Fur trading posts were built along the river.
-Communities grew around the trading posts.
-In 1870 the area became Canada's first territory.
-Yukon, Nunavut, Alberta, Saskatchewan, parts of Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec were once part of the N.W.T.
-In 1999 the former Northwest Territories was divided, creating the new territory of Nunavut.
LAND AND WATER
-Mackenzie and Franklin Mountain Ranges are in the
western part of the N.W.T.
-Great Bear Lake is eighth largest lake in the world.
-Great Slave Lake is the deepest lake in Canada and tenth largest lake in the world.
-Mackenzie River is Canada's longest river (1738 km).
-The entire river system is 4241 km long making the Mackenzie River the second longest river in North America.
-Part of the land is rocky where moss, tough grasses and small willows grow.(tundra)
-Part of the territory has trees like black spruce, white spruce, birch, poplar.(taiga)
-long nights during the winter and long days during the
-in the arctic and subarctic climatic zones
-long cold winters with temperatures of ranging from -20° C to -50° C with the wind chill
-subarctic climate in the Mackenzie Valley brings longer and warmer summers
-many mines have shut down
-oil and natural gas exploration
-hunting and trapping of mink, wolf, lynx, fox, marten and polar bear
-commercial fishing on Great Slave Lake (lake trout, whitefish, and pickerel)
-The highways are mostly all-weather gravel roads, with
some paved sections.
-There are long distances between service stations.
-The Dempster Highway connects Inuvik in the north with Dawson, Yukon.
- NWT Highway 1 and Mackenzie Highway provide access to Alberta via connecting roads from Yellowknife and other communities.
-From January to March, truckers drive on ice roads plowed on frozen lakes to deliver supplies.
-A number of airlines connect the Northwest Territories communities.
PEOPLE AND PLACES
-The Inuvialuit Drum Dancers perform locally,
regionally and nationally.
-Nellie Cournoyea (from Aklavik) became the first aboriginal woman in Canada to lead a provincial or territorial government. She was premier of the N.W.T. (1991-1995)
-Ethel Blondin-Andrew (from Fort Norman) became the first aboriginal woman to be elected to the Canadian parliament (in 1988).
-Actress Margot Kidder (from Yellowknife) played Lois Lane in the Superman movies.
-Georges Erasmus (from Fort Rae) was a politician and national chief of the Assembly of First Nations. He was a leader in the struggle for native rights and land claims.
-Kenojuak Ashevak and Pitseolak Ashoona - Inuit artists
-Wood Buffalo National Park - home of the wood bison, nesting site for whooping cranes.
-Nahanni National Park - waterfalls, hot springs, glaciers, mountains and canyons.