Facts About Canada
-Alberta is one of the three prairie provinces.
-It is the fourth largest province.
-Saskatchewan is east of Alberta; British Columbia is west.
-The Northwest Territories are north of Alberta.
-The state of Montana is south.
-Alberta was named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria.
-Edmonton (capital city) and Calgary are the largest cities.
-Alberta's flower - Wild Rose, tree - Lodgepole Pine, bird - Great Horned Owl,
mammal - Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
-Alberta's motto - "strong and free".
-It is known as Canada's "energy province".
-Alberta is home to over 3.5 million people.(April,
-The largest cities are Edmonton (capital) and Calgary.
-Immigrants came from Britain, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the East and Southeast Asia.
-Ethnic backgrounds - British (44 percent), German, Ukrainian, French, Scandinavian, Dutch,
-The first people settled in the area about 8000 years
-In the woodland areas the Woodland Cree and Chipewyan tribes hunted moose, caribou and deer, fished and gathered plants and berries.
-They used bark canoes to travel up and down the streams.
-On the plains the Blackfoot, Blood, and Peigan hunted the bison and lived in tipis.
-Anthony Henday ( European explorer and fur trader ) came to Alberta in 1754.
-Fur traders built trading posts on the Athabasca River and North Saskatchewan River.
-Forts were built to keep law and order.
-The First Nations traded furs and received guns, blankets and metal goods.
-In 1874 The North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) established their first post in Alberta at Fort Macleod.
-Alberta grew when the railroad was built in 1883.
-Early settlers were ranchers from England and the United States.
-Immigrants came from Ukraine, Germany, Romania and many parts of Europe to farm.
-Alberta became a province on September 1, 1905.
LAND AND WATER
-The main rivers are the Peace River, North and South
Saskatchewan River, and Athabasca River.
-There are icefields in Banff and Jasper National Parks.
-The icefields help to fill the rivers.
-There are five national parks.
-Banff National Park is the oldest national park in Canada.
-Wood Buffalo National Park is the home to about 2200 wood buffalo (endangered).
-A large mountain range ( Rocky Mountains ) is along the western border.
-The badlands ( dry, sandy, rocky area) are in southeastern Alberta.
-Northern Alberta is covered with forest and muskeg.
-The rest of the province is on a great plain or prairie.
-The foothills receive the most rainfall.
-Warm, dry "chinook" winds are produced when air funnels through the Rockies.
-Chinook winds sweep down on southern Alberta and raise temperatures in the winter.
-Cold arctic air masses bring cool weather in the winter.
-Alberta has oil, natural gas, and coal.
-Oil was discovered at Leduc (near Edmonton) in 1947.
-It is the main producer of coal in Canada.
-Coal was first mined near Lethbridge in 1872.
-The province is also the main producer of oil and natural gas in Canada.
-Alberta sells the oil, natural gas and coal to other provinces and other countries.
-There is also sulfur, silica sand, potash, quartz, thick salt deposits, clay and limestone.
-Forests cover over half of Alberta.
-There is good soil for growing crops like oats, canola and barley.
-The main crop is wheat. Alberta is the second largest producer of wheat in Canada.
- Alberta is the only province to produce sugar from sugar beets.
-There are many dairy farms and cattle ranches.
-There are also poultry, hog and sheep farms.
-Most of the beef cattle in Canada are raised on ranches in the southern foothills.
PEOPLE AND PLACES
-The mountain scenery of Banff and Jasper national
parks attracts thousands of tourists.
-Calgary stampede has bull riding, calf roping and wagon racing.
-Dinosaur Provincial Park is in the badlands.
-Historical sites include Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, Rocky Mountain House (fur trade) and the Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village.
-A 9 m. high Ukranian Easter egg is displayed at Vegreville, east of Edmonton.
-Figure skater Kurt Browning (born in Caroline, Alberta) won four World Championships.
-Tantoo Cardinal (born in Fort McMurray) is a Canadian film and television actress.