Facts About Canada
(La Belle Province)
-the largest province
-located in eastern Canada
-capital city is Quebec City
-largest city is Montreal
-a French-speaking province
-flower - the Blue Flag, tree - Yellow Birch, bird - Snowy Owl
-"Quebec" came from the Algonquin word "kepék" meaning "the place where the river narrows."
-nicknamed "La Belle Province" because of the diverse landscape and architecture
-motto - "Je me souviens" which is French for "I remember".
-population - 7,750.5 million (2008)
-largest city - Montreal (metropolitan area of 3.6 million in 2006 census).
-ethnic groups include French, Irish, Italian, English, Aboriginal, Scottish and German.
-People came from France, Britain, Southern Europe, East and Southeast Asia.
-Most cities and towns are along the St. Lawrence River.
-Nearly 80% of Québecois live near the shores of the Saint Lawrence River.
-first people : the Cree, Innu, Attikamek, Algonquin,
Abenaki, Malecite, Micmac, Inuit
-Iroquois lived in villages along the St. Lawrence River. They grew squash, beans and maize.
-Montagnais Nation (Innu) were hunters and gatherers who lived in birchbark covered wigwams.
-Inuit of the north hunted seals, whales and polar bears.
-Explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in 1534 and claimed the land for France.
-Samuel de Champlain set up a colony called New France in 1608.
-Farmers called "habitants" settled there.
-British and French fought the Seven Years' War.
-The war ended when Quebec City was captured by the British (1759).
-Loyalists arrived from the U.S. (1781) and settled farther west up the river.
-The area was divided into Upper Canada (English speaking) and Lower Canada (mainly French speaking) in 1791.
-The Act of Union in 1840 united Upper and Lower Canada and established the Province of Canada.
-In 1867 the Province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec.
-Quebec became one of the four original provinces of the Dominion of Canada, along with Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in 1867.
WATER AND LAND
-The land is divided into three regions -
Canadian Shield, St. Lawrence Lowlands and Appalachian Region
-About 90 % of Quebec is in the Canadian Shield Region.
-Forests cover over half of Quebec
-The Lowlands are along the St. Lawrence River.
-This is the agricultural region and where most of the people live.
-The St. Lawrence River (over 1200 km. long) links Quebec to the Atlantic Ocean.
-Ships sail inland on the St. Lawrence River.
-The Appalachian Region in the southeastern area of the province consists of weathered mountains.
-Quebec has more fresh water than any other province.
-There are more than one million lakes and waterways.
RESOURCES / INDUSTRY
-Gold, copper, iron ore, silver, zinc, nickel and
asbestos are mined in Quebec.
-Hydroelectric power is produced and exported to the U.S.
-One of the largest hydroelectric plants in the world is near James Bay.
-Quebec produces more than a third of Canada's pulp and paper products. ( paper, newsprint, boxes, tissue and cardboard)
-Lumber is used to make furniture and to build homes.
-The province is Canada's main producer of maple syrup.
-The main farming area is the St. Lawrence Lowlands.
-The dairy industry is the largest in Canada
- Raising hogs, cattle and poultry and growing hay corn and oats to feed the animals are important agricultural activities.
-All kinds of fruits and vegatables are grown in southern Quebec.
-Manufacturing : aerospace industry
-the Shield and Lowlands: subarctic climate, long cold winters, short warm summers
-southern Quebec: humid; cold snowy winters; hot muggy summers
-the Winter Carnival in Quebec City
-held in February
-Bonaventure Island bird sanctuary (largest colony of
gannets in the world).
-Quebec City, the only walled city north of Mexico, has many historic buildings.
-Old Montreal has cobblestone streets and historic 17th and 18th century architecture.
-Religious shrines (Saint Joseph's Oratory in Montreal and Ste-Anne-de-Beaupré Basilica) attract millions of pilgrims from many countries.
-The Quebec Citadel is a large fortification built in the 19th century to protect the city.
-Celine Dion - has records in English and French, has
recorded movie soundtracks
-Oscar Peterson (1925-2007) - jazz pianist
-William Shatner - actor (Captain Kirk of Star Trek series)
-J.A.Bombardier (1907-1961) invented the snowmobile, produced the Ski-Doo in 1959
-Myriam Bédard - winner of two Olympic Gold medals (biathlon)
-Gaétan Boucher - winner of four Olympic Gold medals (speed skating)
-Marc Gagnon - four time World champion, winner of three Olympic Gold medals (speed skating)
-Gilles and Jacques Villeneuve - race car drivers
-Marc Garneau and Julie Payette - Canadian astronauts
-Prime Mininsters of Canada: Jean Chrétien, Brian Mulroney, Pierre E. Trudeau, Louis S. St-Laurent, Sir Wilfred Laurier, Sir John Abbott
-famous hockey players : Henri and Maurice "ROCKET" Richard, Jean Béliveau, Guy LaFleur, Mario Lemieux, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Patrick Roy