The Syria of today offers tourists as much a cultural experience as a sightseeing one, where ancient history provides a fascinating backdrop to everyday life on the streets                          


Symbols of Canada


CANADA - the name
  • In 1535 explorer Jacques Cartier heard the word "kanata".
  • It was used to refer to the site of present day Quebec City.
  • "Kanata" was a Huron-Iroquois word for "village" or "settlement"
  • The name "Canada" later referred to a large area north of the St. Lawrence River.
  • As more land was explored "Canada" grew.
  • The first time "Canada" was used as an official name was in 1791 for the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada.
  • In 1867, at the time of Confederation, the new country became known as Canada.


  • Red and white are Canada's official colours.
  • The flag first flew on February 15, 1965.


  • It is said that the maple leaf served as a symbol of Canada as early as 1700.
  • In 1867 Canada's confederation song The Maple Leaf Forever was written (by Alexander Muir).
  • The coat of arms created for Ontario and Quebec both included the maple leaf.
  • The maple leaf appears on the penny, on the arms of Canada and on Canada's flag (1965).
  • The red maple leaf is recognized around the world as a symbol of Canada.
  • The Aboriginal people of Canada made syrup and sugar from the sap of the sugar maple tree.
  • In 1996 the maple tree was officially recognized as a national emblem.

coat of arms - to colour


  • Early settlers are represented by the three royal lions of England, the royal lion of Scotland, the harp of Ireland and the fleur-de-lis of France.
  • The lion of England holds the British flag.
  • The unicorn of Scotland holds the flag of Royal France.
  • The bottom has the fleur-de-lis (France), the shamrock (Ireland), the thistle (Scotland), and the rose (England).


MOTTO - "From sea to sea"


  • The beaver played an important role in Canada's history.
  • It is a symbol of the fur trade of the early days.
  • Beaver pelts were needed for fur hats.
  • English and French fur traders trapped many beavers.
  • The fur traders explored large parts of Canada and fur trading posts were built.
  • There were six million before the start of the fur trade.
  • The beaver was in danger of being wiped out.
  • At last the demand for beaver pelts ended.
  • The beaver was featured on the coat of arms for the Hudson's Bay Company, Nova Scotia, Quebec City and the city of Montreal.
  • It was also featured on the first postage stamp in 1851.
  • The beaver officially became an emblem of Canada in 1975.
  • A beaver is on the coat of arms for Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba.
  • The beaver appears on the nickel .

 Web site designed and maintained by Yaser Kherdaji
Toronto - Canada
Copyright 2003 -
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