Facts About Canada
BRITISH COLUMBIA - B.C.
-B.C. is the most western province in Canada and the
-Alberta is to the east, and the Yukon and Northwest Territories are north .
-The Pacific Ocean is to the west.
-To the south, B.C. is bordered by three U.S. states - Washington, Idaho and Montana.
-There are many islands off the coast that are also part of B.C.
-Victoria, the capital city is on Vancouver Island.
-Vancouver is the third largest city in Canada.
-B.C.'s flower - Pacific Dogwood, bird - Stellar's Jay, tree - Western Red Cedar.
-motto - "Splendour without diminishment"
-B.C. is the home to over 4.2 million people. (2006)
-The largest city is Vancouver. (2.1 million estimated)
-The Northwest Coast Native peoples live in B.C.
-People came from Britain, Western Europe, East and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.
-B.C. has the largest Chinese community in Canada.
-The top 10 languages spoken are English, Chinese (including Cantonese and Mandarin), Punjabi, German, French, Tagalog, Korean, Spanish, Persian, and Italian.
-The first people to live in BC : Tlingit, Sekani,
Haida, Nootka, Chilcotin and Shuswap.
-They fished for salmon and seals and hunted deer, bear and elk.
-They built large wooden houses and carved totem poles.
-(1778) Captain James Cook a British explorer sailed to Vancouver Island.
-George Vancouver mapped the coastline (1792-1794).
-Alexander Mackenzie, Simon Fraser and David Thompson explored the interior of B.C.
-Fur trading posts were built.
-(1857-1858) Fraser Valley Gold Rush brought many people.
-B.C. became a province in 1871.
-Canadian government promised to build a railway to B.C.
-Thousands of Chinese labourers arrived to pan for gold and to help build the railway.
-The Japanese came to work as agricultural labourers and fishermen.
-In 1885 the CPR railway reached Vancouver.
-British settlers came by train to the west coast.
LAND AND WATER
-The Fraser River is one of the largest rivers in
-Both the Fraser and the Columbia River flow into the Pacific Ocean.
-Ferry boats take people to and from the Islands off the coast.
-There are seven national parks in B.C.
-The three main mountain ranges are the Coastal Mountains in the west, the Columbia Mountains in the centre, and the Rocky Mountains in the east.
-There are thousands of islands along the coastline, including the Queen Charlotte Islands (north) and the Gulf Islands near the southern end of Vancouver Island.
-The coastal mountains protect the Lower Mainland and
the coast from the cold Arctic air masses in the winter.
-The mountains along the coast bring the coastal region a lot of rain.
-Vancouver and Victoria are warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than the central areas of the province.
-Forestry is the largest industry. Forest covers over
half of B.C.
-B.C. has the largest and oldest trees in Canada.
-B.C.'s mountains, parks and beaches attract many tourists.
-Mining is the third largest industry. (copper, coal, gold, silver, zinc, sulphur, asbestos)
-B.C. has a large fishing industry (salmon, halibut, clams, cod, crab, oysters, rockfish, shrimp and herring)
-Fraser Valley has cattle and dairy farms and farms that grow fruit and flowers.
-There are many orchards in the Okanogan Valley. ( apples, cherries, peaches, apricots, and plums)
-The province is Canada's second largest generator of hydro electricity.
-B.C. is Canada's second largest natural gas producer.
-B.C. is the third largest film and television production centre in North America (after New York and Los Angeles).
PEOPLE and PLACES
-Emily Carr (1871-1945) - painted the West Coast
-Terry Fox (1958-1981) - tried to run across Canada to raise money for cancer research
-Chief Dan George (1899-1981) - actor and poet
-Stanley Park in Vancouver is one of Canada's biggest
city parks with an aquarium, gardens, beaches, trails and
totem poles carved out of wood by the native people of the
-The mountains, the coastline and the mild weather attract thousands of tourists.
-Tourists come to ski at Whistler Mountain and other ski resorts in B.C.
-Okanagan Valley is known for the warm weather, wineries and as a fruit growing region.
-Vancouver has Canada's largest port.
-Vancouver will host the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games.